Sometimes when you’re cooking with a cast iron pan, you might get black specks that appear in your food. You may also find a dark residue when wiping the pan after cleaning. What is that black stuff and should you be worried? Here’s what to know and how to avoid this black residue on cast iron skillet phenomenon…
Is black residue on your cast iron skillet harmful?
Black residue on cast iron skillet is basically carbon deposits, produced from the overheating of oil or fats, or bits of burnt food. Such deposits collect in the pores of the pan and are disturbed during the cooking process. The black specks may harm the appeal of your food but the small amount of carbon residue is not considered harmful in itself. With proper cooking techniques, cleaning, and seasoning you will reduce the build-up of this carbon residue and its effect on your cooking.
Black residue from your cast iron may not be harmful, but the cause of carbon residue on cast iron pans is something to avoid. Let’s look at how you can prevent it from occurring…
What’s this black residue!
After cooking in a cast-iron skillet, the black residue is…
- The dark flecks appearing on your food that weren’t part of the ingredients while you were cooking.
- The dark flecks that appeared and tainted the flavor and appeal of your cooking.
- The dark stain that messed up your clean towel when wiping the skillet.
- The black flecks on your eggs that aren’t the pepper. The whites of eggs make them highly noticeable.
- The black flecks you see after you’ve used metal utensils on your skillet, which disturb the carbon deposits nestled in the pores of the pan’s surface.
Where does the residue come from?
In terms of where the black residue is coming from and showing up in your food, here are three possible sources…
- Overheated oil or fat that carbonized
- Bits of food particles that stuck and charred with previous use
- Residue from the manufacturer’s seasoning or coating they applied to stop the pan from rusting (new skillets only)
Overheating of oils and fats
If you are using an oil that has a low smoke point then it’ll carbonize at high temperatures and result in a black residue that subsequently rubs off onto your food.
Charred food particles
Carbon residue can form from bits of food left stuck and burned to the bottom of the pan. As you continue to use and heat the cast-iron surface, these deposits will char. The burnt on carbon deposits aren’t always removed with a simple cleaning.
Black residue from brand new skillets
Many new cast iron pans come with a layer of oil or wax coating to prevent them rusting before being sold.
As you begin to use the cast iron, these oils or waxes will burn and leave behind charred carbon residue.
These coatings are intended as a temporary fix and aren’t necessarily the best for heat tolerance.
Other causes of stains from cast iron pans
Also what can cause flecks or residue is rusting of the pan causing iron micro-particles to be released.
The staining does not indicate your pan is defective. It just means it needs sealing – a good seasoning.
The residue is iron and the problem is surface rusting, which can be fixed. The iron intake is not overly concerning for most, who may benefit from extra iron in the diet (the exception are those who suffer from hemochromatosis or similar iron disorders).
How to prevent the black residue
Proper techniques in cooking will help you avoid black residue forming in the cast iron cookware. This amounts to selecting the right oil or fat for your cooking purpose and avoid overheating it with temperatures that will cause it to burn. You’ll know when this occurs as you will see smoke coming off the oil as it is burning. It also means using a seasoned cast iron skillet, which reduces the likelihood of food sticking and charred deposits forming in the pores of the pan.
If your problem is caused by charred food from previous cooking, simply make sure to better clean your pan after each use.
In terms of black residue from brand new skillets, try stripping off the seasoning and reseason the pan. Taking the time to prepare and season the pan should remove any low-quality sealants or residue.
Cleaning to strip residue
There are a few useful methods of effectively cleaning cast iron and stripping the residue. Below are two techniques. One uses salt, the other involves a stiff brush.
Cleaning cast iron skillets with salt
Salt is not only a popular seasoning but also a powerful abrasive. You can use the roughness of regular table salt to get a good scrub on your pan.
The two good things about using salt are that one, it’s an everyday item that you’re likely to have in your pantry and two, it’s cheap.
Here’s the salt method…
- Pour a good amount of salt into the pan. Aim for a quarter cup or so.
- Use a kitchen utensil with a flat edge (try a wooden spatula) to scrape the salt around the surface of the pan. You might need to spend a bit more time scrubbing those extra stuck bits.
- As you scrub, you’ll notice the salt discoloring. Wipe the salt from the pan with a cloth or paper towel, ensuring to remove all the grains. Moisture in the air mixed with salt on the pan will be highly corrosive.
- Coat the pan in a light coat of oil before storing it.
A third point…salt is excellent as a way to clean the pan without needing to wet and dry it.
Cleaning cast iron pans with a stiff brush
If your residue is stuck on, you may want to grab a stiff brush. It needs to be something stiff enough to remove the black residue, but not so tough as to strip any seasoning.
- Soak your pan in warm water for an hour or so.
- Scrub the pan thoroughly to remove all stuck-on residue.
- Use a small amount of detergent if necessary.
- Dry the pan completely with a towel.
- Place the pan on a burner set to high heat. Allow the pan to sit on the burner until all traces of moisture have evaporated.
- Allow the pan to cool.
- Coat the pan in a light coat of oil before storing.
If your pan has a lot of burnt-on or caked-on residue, it may be difficult to clean off. In a dire situation, you may want to simply start over and re-season the pan entirely. This will remove anything stuck to the surface and allow you to start a new coat of oil.
How to re-season a cast iron pan
- Work off any large burnt-on bits with a stiff brush or sponge.
- Use steel wool to scrub down every surface of the pan, entirely removing any stuck particles.
- If there is a thin layer of rust formed over the surface of the pan, remove it by rubbing the entire pan down with oil and then wiping away the excess.
- Cover the entire surface of the pan with oil again. Remove most of it with a paper towel, leaving only a thin layer of oil.
- Place the pan in the oven at 500 °F or as high a temperature as possible with your oven for about one hour.
- Turn off the oven and allow the pan to cool while in the oven.
- Repeat up to 5 times, if needed, to get the best finish on the surface.
Having black residue on cast iron skillet is not cause for over-concern. It does harm the appeal of your food, but the good news is that it is preventable.
By not overheating the oils and fats when cooking and by taking proper care of your pan, you can rid yourself of this problem.
Cast iron pans are fairly robust but as I explained in my non-stick cookware use, care, and storage guide, knowing how to get the best out of your cookware will give you the most satisfaction in their performance for longer.
Phys.org: Cooking With Cast Iron |